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The 5 Most Common Types Of Residential Roofing: What You Need To Know

Choosing the right type of roof for a new house or retrofitting, can be more difficult than most people could imagine. There are so many choices. Which one is right for you. Residential roofs can be made of asphalt, ceramic tile, slate, wood, and metal. Asphalt shingle is the most common and generally least expensive roofing material.

“The most common residential roofing material used in the United States, asphalt shingles are popular because they are economical and easy to install,” states HGTV.

These shingles are the most popular with roofers and homeowners, as they are durable and relatively inexpensive. Other benefits include the wide variety of colors and styles, ease of installation and suitability for a wide range of temperatures. Asphalt shingles also provide reliable waterproofing.

In Southern California, Asphalt shingle roofs typically last 20 to 25 years with the intense sunlight, temperature extremes, and the Santa Ana Winds and Tornado-Like Wind Activity.

Understanding the most common roofing materials

Asphalt shingles

“If you’re looking for the best cost-effective option for a roof, look for dark asphalt shingles, which tend to be the cheapest,” advises NotJustSiding.com.

While the initial cost may be lower with asphalt shingles, their protection and durability are limited, leaving the roof vulnerable to heat and water damage from rain and snow. These shingles are also susceptible to rain rot.

Although ceramic tiles do have one disadvantage: they are pricey, but they offer the most protection against hail and also provide a good look.

Ceramic tile roofs

These types of roofs are made from a particular type of ceramic tile that is cut and installed by roofers. The tiles are mounted to a metal backing with nails and are connected using nails. The tiles are highly reflective and need to be installed with a trowel. Because they are cheap and effective, they are the most popular roofing option in most of the world.

Ceramic tiles are built from glass fibers, which are self-supporting and self-healing. These tiles are extremely light and durable, with similar durability as wood tiles and superior heat resistance.

Ceramic tiles do have one disadvantage: they are relatively-pricey and require a more labor-intensive installation process. This balances out with Ceramic’s unmatched protection against hail and timeless elegance.

Slate roofs

Slate roofs are popular in parts of the Northeast, as they provide excellent protection against the freezing and thawing winter winds and summer sun. Placing a slab roof over concrete slab is very popular in the winter. Slate shingles, are more attractive than their asphalt counterparts. Slate is a light, dark gray, or brownish gray. Slate is not as weather-resistant as asphalt shingles, but slates tend to be more durable. Slate roofs are most commonly used in New England and Mid-Atlantic states.

Slate roofs perform well with both the sun and the rain. Slate roofs provide the additional benefit of being energy efficient, and are known for having some insulation properties. They also stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter.

Wood roofs

Roofs made of wood are old fashioned, but they tend to be more cost effective and require less maintenance.

There are many types of wood roofing. Common types include

Minimally sheathed wood roofing – similar to vinyl tarps but with a stronger roof support.

– similar to vinyl tarps but with a stronger roof support. Under sheathing – essentially the same as a sheathed roof but with a layer of dry cement attached to the roof. This can be used to provide a more attractive and flexible roof that can handle an increased load.

– essentially the same as a sheathed roof but with a layer of dry cement attached to the roof. This can be used to provide a more attractive and flexible roof that can handle an increased load.

Metal roofs

Metal roofs consist of sheet metal with an outer layer of an epoxy or ceramic-based “skin.” These roofs are waterproof and easy to install, which means they don’t require as many supports as other types of roofing.

Metal roofs offer a lifespan of around 25 years or more. When choosing a metal roof for a home or business, the material and roofing installation technique will affect the life expectancy of the roof.

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